Browse Items (89 total)

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Contribution of changes in atmospheric circulation patterns to extreme temperature trends

This study identifies statistically significant trends in mid-atmospheric circulation patterns that partially explain observed changes in extreme temperature occurrence over Eurasia and North America; although the underlying cause of circulation…

Pacific western boundary currents and their roles in climate

A review of western boundary currents in the Pacific Ocean explores their far-reaching influence on the El Niño/Southern Oscillation, the Indonesian Throughflow, Asian monsoons, and ocean circulation in the South China Sea, and concludes that major…

Recovery potential of the world's coral reef fishes

Continuing degradation of coral reef ecosystems has generated substantial interest in how management can support reef resilience1, 2. Fishing is the primary source of diminished reef function globally3, 4, 5, leading to widespread calls for…

Long-term decline of the Amazon carbon sink

The capacity of Amazonian forests to sequester carbon has weakened with potentially important implications for climate change.

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Icebergs not the trigger for North Atlantic cold events

Abrupt climate change is a ubiquitous feature of the Late Pleistocene epoch1. In particular, the sequence of Dansgaard–Oeschger events (repeated transitions between warm interstadial and cold stadial conditions), as recorded by ice cores in…

Global carbon export from the terrestrial biosphere controlled by erosion

Particulate organic carbon export from the terrestrial biosphere is primarily controlled by physical erosion, and tectonic and climatic forcing of physical erosion may favour biospheric particulate organic carbon sequestration over silicate…

Deserts: Geology and Resources

Contents: What Is a Desert; How the Atmosphere Influences Aridity; Where Deserts Form; Types of Deserts; Desert Features; Eolian Processes; Types of Dunes; Remote Sensing of Arid Lands; Mineral Resources in Deserts; Desertification.

Meet the lizards that suck up rain with their skin

Three lizard species on three different continents have evolved similar networks of "drinking straws" between their scales, to make the most of rare rainfall

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World's deadliest volcanoes identified

An article about the deadliest volcanoes

Plate Tectonics

Plate tectonics is the scientific theory that attempts to explain the movements of the Earth's lithosphere that have formed the landscape features we see across the globe today. By definition the word "plate" in geologic terms means a large slab of…


An Overview and History of the Study of Biogeography

Decadal slowdown of a land-terminating sector of the Greenland Ice Sheet despite warming

Whether or not an increase in meltwater will make ice sheets move more quickly has been contentious, because water lubricates the ice–rock interface and speeds up the ice, but also stimulates the development of efficient drainage; now, a long-term…

The world's last truly wild horse is making a comeback

Most of the horses we think of as "wild" are just domestic horses gone feral. There is only one type of horse that remains utterly wild

The remote lake that tells the story of humanity's birth

One lake in Kenya has yielded fossils that revolutionised our understanding of human evolution

Volcanic–plutonic parity and the differentiation of the continental crust

A global geochemical data set of volcanic and plutonic rocks indicates that differentiation trends from primitive basaltic to felsic compositions for volcanic versus plutonic samples are generally indistinguishable in subduction-zone settings, but…

Historic Mining and Agriculture as Indicators
of Occurrence and Abundance of Widespread
Invasive Plant Species

Historic Mining and Agriculture as Indicators.pdf
Anthropogenic disturbances often change ecological communities and provide opportunities for non-native species invasion. Understanding the impacts of disturbances on species invasion is therefore crucial for invasive speciesmanagement. We used…

Soil biodiversity and soil community composition determine ecosystem multifunctionality

An article about how soil diversity and soil community composition determine ecosystem multifunctionality


The vulnerability of Indo-Pacific mangrove forests to sea-level rise

Assessment of mangrove forest surface elevation changes across the Indo-Pacific coastal region finds that almost 70 per cent of the sites studied do not have enough sediment availability to offset predicted sea-level rise; modelling indicates that…

Potential sea-level rise from Antarctic ice-sheet instability constrained by observations

Large parts of the Antarctic ice sheet lying on bedrock below sea level may be vulnerable to marine-ice-sheet instability (MISI)1, a self-sustaining retreat of the grounding line triggered by oceanic or atmospheric changes. There is growing…

Why do leaves change colour in autumn?

The glory of autumn explained: Chris Packham reveals why leaves change from greens to reds and golden yellows

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